ERIC Number: ED026752
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: 0
Acquisition of Conservation of Substance in Normal, Retarded, and Gifted Children.
Brison, David W.; Bereiter, Carl
Thirty-seven normal and 33 gifted children from kindergarten classes and 26 retarded children from special classes with mean mental ages of 76 months, 80 months, and 72 months respectively, were initially tested for their understanding of the terms more, same, and less. All who had failed conservation of substance pretests using juice, sand, clay, and paper were then put through a programed five-stage sequence of conservation training with posttesting after each stage. When a child exhibited conservation with all four materials, he was given two extinction questions which tested the stability of the conservation concept. The main differences between groups were on errors during training, extinction, and explanations. Retardates were significantly more susceptible to extinction of conservation responses (p .05) and further study is suggested since this would make a difference in performance if retarded children come out of learning experiences with empirical hypotheses and normal ones with logical certainties. However, no relationship was found between general intelligence level and intuitive concept formation. Eleven tables and a 15-item bibliography are given. (SN)
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Associative Learning, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Tests, Concept Formation, Conservation (Concept), Exceptional Child Research, Gifted, Intelligence, Learning, Learning Theories, Logical Thinking, Mental Retardation, Programed Instruction, Retention (Psychology), Students, Test Results
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at a seminar held at Conference on Preschool Education (The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, November 15-17, 1966) published in Recent Research on the Acquisition of Conservation of Substance, Educational Research Series No. 2, The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education.