ERIC Number: ED026698
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: 0
Theories of Career Development. A Comparison of the Theories.
Osipow, Samuel H.
These seven theories of career development are examined in previous chapters: (1) Roe's personality theory, (2) Holland's career typology theory, (3) the Ginzberg, Ginsburg, Axelrod, and Herma Theory, (4) psychoanalytic conceptions, (5) Super's developmental self-concept theory, (6) other personality theories, and (7) social systems theories. Osipow contrasts them with regard to their strengths and weaknesses by two general criteria. Formal adequacy subsumes: (1) explanatory adequacy, (2) empirical support, (3) generality, (4) parsimony, (5) operational adequacy, and (6) logical consistency. The understanding of career development includes: (1) normal development, (2) problems in career development, (3) facilitation or modification of career behavior, (4) critical periods and agents, (5) the role of interests, (6) the role of aptitudes, and (7) the role of the family. Osipow evaluates not to find the superior theory, but to show in which context each is most likely to be useful. He finds them generally lacking in formal adequacy, and finds differences between theories in choice of emphasis, suitable research methods, and the degree that relationships between events are specified. (BP)
Descriptors: Career Change, Career Choice, Career Counseling, Career Development, Career Planning, Counseling Theories, Personality Theories
The complete book is available from Appleton-Century-Crofts, 440 Park Avenue South, New York, New York 10016 ($5.75).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
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Note: This abstract encompasses only Chapter 8, A Comparison of the Theories, pages 220-233.