ERIC Number: ED026655
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Self-Esteem, Defense Positive and Perceptual Accuracy in Vocational Choice.
Foreman, Milton E.
Studies of self-esteem often fail to distinguish between success-based self-esteem and defensive, fantasy-based self-esteem. This study investigates the extent to which college students seeking vocational counseling over- or under-estimate their measured needs and interests in areas of high, intermediate, and low vocational identity, when measures of self-esteem and defensive self-esteem are and are not controlled. Some 41 male college students served as the sample. Findings indicate that college students seeking vocational counseling are generally quite accurate in estimating their measured needs and interests, although they tend to over-estimate in areas of high vocational identity. Self-esteem and defensive self-esteem, as measured here, showed little, if any, independence in their relationships with difference between estimated and measured needs and interests. Differences in over-estimation occurred between measuring instruments. Discussion of discrepancies may prove valuable in the counseling process. (BP)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Personnel and Guidance Association, Washington, DC.
Note: Speech presented at the American Personnel and Guidance Association Convention, Detroit, Michigan, April 7-11, 1968.