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ERIC Number: ED026631
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969-Jan
Pages: 53
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Analyticity and Features of Semantic Interaction.
Steinberg, Danny D.
The findings reported in this paper are the result of an experiment to determine the empirical validity of such semantic concepts as analytic, synthetic, and contradictory. Twenty-eight university students were presented with 156 sentences to assign to one of four semantic categories: (1) synthetic ("The dog is a poodle"), (2) analytic ("The tulip is a flower"), (3) contradictory ("The infant is an adult"), and (4) amphiguous or nonsensical ("The moon is a newspaper"). A word sort was administered to a different group of 15 subjects in order to determine in a relatively direct way the principle semantic features which underlie the 13 lexical items used in the experimental sentences. The word sort provided data which supports the contention that the dimensions of "animateness,""humanness,""sex,""marriage," and "engage" are ones which underlie the lexical items in question. The sentence results provided evidence which supports a distinction between the informative (synthetic), redundant (analytic), contradictory, and amphiguous semantic categories. The author proposes a criterion for each of these semantic types based on such notions as semantic features, a hierarchy of semantic features, and rules of semantic interaction. (DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A