ERIC Number: ED026250
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of Interest Level and Problem Solving Accuracy Generated by Single Concept Inductive and Deductive Science Films, Research Study Number 1.
Reese, Willard Francis
Compared were inductive and deductive sequencing of stimulus material to produce two single concept films. The concept developed was "The longer the pendulum's arm, the more slowly the pendulum swings." Each film contained the same number of identical scenes; only the sequencing of their order of presentation was altered to provide the two different approaches to the same concept. Covert responses to the films were measured by pupillometrics. No significant differences between the two methods were discovered on either the initial test answers or the retention test scores. Girls did significantly better with the deductive method, whereas boys did significantly better with the inductive method. In an adjunctive study, using a television presentation of the film to 1,670 children, findings for grade 5 and 6 were similar. Grade 4 children showed significantly better work with the deductive approach. It was concluded that (1) while the grade 4 children had not reached the level of formal operations, grade 5 and 6 children had and (2) the more structured deductive approach was more efficient for teaching factual information to girls and to children prior to the stage of formal operations. (GR)
Descriptors: Audiovisual Aids, Comparative Analysis, Deduction, Doctoral Dissertations, Educational Television, Elementary School Science, Films, Grade 4, Grade 5, Grade 6, Induction, Instruction, Physics, Sex Differences
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 67-1128, Microfilm $3.00, Xerography $7.80).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Colorado State Coll., Greeley.