ERIC Number: ED026141
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Nov-1
Reference Count: 0
Fear and Attachment in Young Children. Research Project Number 4 of Project Head Start Research and Evaluation Center, Syracuse University Research Institute. Final Report, November 1, 1967.
Schwarz, J. Conrad
The objective of this project was to test the effect of the presence of a mother, compared with the presence of an adult female stranger, upon the apprehensiveness of children confronted with novel stimuli. Subjects were 10 children, 3 1/2 to 5 1/2 years old, who were individually placed in a room containing a toy cash register, a marble-race toy, and a hidden mechanical toy gorilla. Each child was accompanied either by a mother or by an assistant experimenter. Ratings were made of facial expression, movement about the room, and visual orientation over a 5-minute period when the gorilla was animated. It was predicted that behavior would differ between the subjects in a manner suggesting less initial fear and rapid dissipation of fear by those accompanied by a mother. Results were opposite to predictions. The difference in the effects of the presence of an attached individual and an unattached individual are not as marked for children 3 1/2 to 5 1/2 years old as they are for children 9 months to 2 1/2 years old. Since this study is inconclusive, other studies with additional experimental and control groups are planned. (DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Syracuse Univ., NY. Research Inst.