ERIC Number: ED026030
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Nov
Reference Count: 0
A Study of the Problems of Italian Universities and Current Plans for Inducing Change. Final Report.
An outmoded university system, geared along aristocratic lines, causes growing unrest among university rectors, faculty, industrial and business leaders, and students. The Italian university provides training in law, economics, commerce and philosophy within a rigid structure which permits entrance only to a select few, yet Italy's expanding economic and technological development requires about 100,000 people trained in scientific and technological fields. Concerned government and education officials are attempting to implement changes that will relate the university to modern society but several factors impede meaningful university reform. Major problems inhibiting change include an unstable political system, traditionalist professors who fear the loss or prestige and political influence attached to their positions, the lack of autonomy of the universities (their functions are determined by law), the concentration of higher education institutions in Northern Italy only, a shortage of professors, and a growing student protest movement. Italy's 1959 10-year development plan provided for funds that would facilitate educational reform. Since that time several revisions and extensions have been made by several governments, but the original bill has yet to be passed by parliament. The student movement is making some impact with protests strengthened by a growing political power, but many problems remain. The report offers recommendations for additional study and research. (WM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Boston Coll., Chestnut Hill, MA.