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ERIC Number: ED025790
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Jul
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Rationale for Guidance in the Elementary School.
Witmer, J. M.
The growth of guidance programs in elementary schools has been rapid in recent years as industrialization, urbanization, population growth and mobility, and occupational specialization have called for individualized education beginning in the early years. This paper discusses (a) the relationship of elementary guidance to instruction, with guidance as a point of view and a process, and (b) guidance functions. The need for elementary guidance is based philosophically on commitment to the individual, valuation of the search for meaning, freedom to grow, and opportunity for optimal development. Psychologically, it is based on concern for individual differences, shared developmental needs, exceptional needs, learning difficulties, and behavior and adjustment problems. Relevant social conditions are concern for the culturally disadvantaged, dropouts and unemployment problems, crime and delinquency, and the mental health movement. The expanding body of research supporting the need for a planned elementary guidance program is summarized. Discussion turns to the development of such a guidance program, proposing rationale and strategies, and emphasizing a team approach. (BP)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at an Elementary Guidance Workshop, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, June 1968.