ERIC Number: ED025316
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
The Identification and Assessment of Thinking Ability in Young Children. Final Report.
Stott, Leland H.; Ball, Rachel S.
A study was conducted to identify types of mental operations of 4- and 5-year-olds and to relate them to the child's age and the educational level of the mother. The sample consisted of 423 white English-speaking children of American parentage, evenly divided by sex and as evenly distributed as possible over the 12-month-age range of 4 to 5 years. Their mothers' education consisted of elementary, secondary, or college level achievement. Items from the Merrill-Palmer Scale and the Guilford model were selected and tested for ability to identify thinking activities. A factor analysis identified six specific types of thinking: two convergent, two divergent, one cognitive, and one maturational. For 4- to 5-year-olds, sex differences were relatively insignificant. Age differences were significantly related to the convergent, cognitive, and maturational abilities, but not to the divergent type. The mothers' education was related to four of the six abilities, and the area of residence was related to three of the six abilities. A "Q" analysis indicated that children could be classified by "types." Thus, environmental factors are important in cognitive development. Appendixes contain tabulated data and directions for administering the tests. (JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Merrill-Palmer Inst., Detroit, MI.