ERIC Number: ED025307
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: 0
Parent-Child Interaction and the Child's Approach to Task Situations.
Heinicke, Christoph M.
Ten normal 3-year-old children and their parents served as subjects for this longitudinal study of the interaction between parent-child relationships and the child's approach to task situations while attending nursery school. To illustrate the nature of the data gathered and observations made in this study, three of the 10 children were considered in some detail. The emphasis was on comparing the child's task behavior during nursery school to his relationship with his mother. These comparisons were made at the end of the first year of nursery school and again at the end of the second year of nursery school. The results indicated that it was important to look beyond the affection displayed by the mother towards her child to the whole context of the home environment in which the mother-child relationship took place. That is, mothers who rate about the same in terms of providing adequate affection for their child may, because of other factors of the relationship or of the home context, establish different positive or negative behavioral characteristics in their child that would not be understandable without a more comprehensive awareness of the total mother-child relationship. Where mother to child warmth was adequate, where mother availability was well defined, where new relationships for the child were encouraged, where limits on behavior were set, and where achievement was encouraged, the child demonstrated a more stable personality and a superior approach to task behavior. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented to the meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco, Calif., 1968.