ERIC Number: ED025211
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Jun
Reference Count: 0
The Character of Colleges; Some Case Studies.
Clark, Burton R.
The distinctive quality of a college is not readily discernible and its identification requires long-term, intensive study. Some common features that help to analyze the character of an institution were discovered in a study of historical developments which occurred during a 40 to 50-year period at 3 colleges (Antioch, Reed, and Swarthmore). College curricula usually incorporate the educational aims of a college and shed light on what the academic commitments of the institution are. Varying degrees of authority distributed between trustees, faculty, administrators, and sometimes students, may determine what values will be supported and what programs are eventually developed and instituted as part of the formal structure. Faculty members' belief in the college and their ability to defend and sustain its values link them with the institution's history and self-image. The variety of student interests, personalities, educational and occupational plans, and roles strongly influence campus orientation. Outside the campus, how a college is regarded - and by whom - helps determine the public image component of its character. Institutional viability is positively affected by linkages with certain constituencies that have students from particular social strata, and the nature of relations between the institution and financial donors, including the Federal Government. Guidelines for conducting an organizational analysis of any particular institution are included. (WM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley. Center for the Study of Higher Education.
Note: Paper prepared for Conference on Dynamics of Change in the Modern University, Syracuse, New York, June 13-17, 1965.