ERIC Number: ED025078
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964
Reference Count: 0
The Influence of Occupational Information Counseling on the Realism of Occupational Aspirations of Mentally Retarded High "school Boys. An "experimental Research Project.
Jeffs, George A.
In a study on promotion of realistic occupational goals in the mentally and academically retarded, 86 boys (aged 16 to 19 years) from two senior high schools located in two similar, juxtaposed Nevada cities (Reno and Sparks) were utilized. Groups included 16 mentally retarded students (IQ range 53 to 88, mean 78; Social Maturity Quotient range 60 to 80; academic retardation of at least 3 years), 38 slow learners (IQ range 83 to 105, mean 96), and a control group of 32 Track 3 low intellectual and achievement level students. All were pre- and posttested with the Occupational Aspiration Scale; the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scales and the Socio-Economic Scale were also used. The mentally retarded, who received both on the job training and occupational information, and the slow learners, who received just the occupational training, reduced their total occupational aspiration and idealistic level significantly (p<.01) when compared to the control group who did not significantly reduce either one. However, the slow learner group, in contrast to the mentally retarded, actually increased their idealistic level, indicating that on the job training was more effective than occupational information alone. The basic course in occupational information is included. (LE)
Descriptors: Career Choice, Career Guidance, Curriculum, Curriculum Development, Exceptional Child Research, Interest Inventories, Interest Research, Mental Retardation, Mild Mental Retardation, Occupational Aspiration, On the Job Training, Slow Learners, Socioeconomic Status, Vocational Adjustment, Vocational Education, Work Experience Programs
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Vocational Rehabilitation Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Nevada Univ., Reno. Coll. of Education.