ERIC Number: ED025076
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: N/A
Dogmatism and Visual Loss. American Foundation for the Blind Research Series, Number 17.
Hallenbeck, Phyllis N.
Emotional reactions to loss of vision were studied with 32 adventitiously blind male subjects of average or higher intelligence, aged 18 to 61 years, who were entering active rehabilitation programs with various agencies. Subjects completed Rokeach's Dogmatism Scale and were interviewed to assess attitudes about blindness. The interviews were rated by two clinical psychologists and av"raged for each subject to yield global depression and denial scores. Behavioral scales completed by two agency staff members were averaged to yield behavior depression and denial scores. Scores were then correlated. Dogmatism was found to be significantly related to denial of blindness and its effects (p .01) and inversely related to depression (p .01). Correlations between dogmatism and behavior denial scores differed significantly for a subgroup of 16 subjects with sudden onset (p .02), with the sudden onset group showing less denial; however, global score correlations did not differ significantly. Implications are that acceptance of visual loss and rehabilitation are facilitated when the subject's emotions are involved in the grieving process, when the subject receives guidance during the early critical phase, and when the facts of the disability are kept in the subject's attention. (MM)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Adults, Anxiety, Attitude Change, Attitudes, Behavior, Behavior Rating Scales, Blindness, Counseling, Dogmatism, Emotional Adjustment, Exceptional Child Research, Inhibition, Interviews, Personality, Personality Change, Psychological Patterns, Rating Scales, Visual Impairments, Withdrawal (Psychology)
American Foundation for the Blind, 15 West 16th Street, New York, New York 10011 ($1.50).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A