ERIC Number: ED025066
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Apr-15
Reference Count: N/A
Temperament and Behavior Disorders in Children.
Thomas, Alexander; And Others
A longitudinal study begun in 1956 on the effect of the child's temperament on his development included 141 children, 136 of whom remained throughout the study. Aged 4 to 10 years in 1966, the 69 boys and 67 girls had a mean IQ of 127 established at 3 and 6 years of age and were from 85 middle or upper middle class families. The Parental Attitude Research Instrument indicated a homogeneity of attitude (permissive, child centered) which, however, was not duplicated in actual child care practice. Temperamental characteristics established on a 3-point scale were activity level, rhythmicity, approach or withdrawal, adaptability, intensity of reaction, threshold of responsiveness, quality of mood, distractibility, and attention span and persistence. Regular parental, teacher, and direct observations were conducted, and direct behavioral observation and parent interviews were significantly correlated (p=.01). Behavioral disturbances developed in 42 of the children (three of them brain damaged), forming a clinical sample whose temperamental characteristics as a group, in contrast to the nonclinical sample, included high or low activity, irregularity, withdrawal responses, nonadaptability, high intensity, persistence, and distractibility. Parent guidance was successful for 28 of the 42 children; of seven in psychotherapy, three did not improve. (SN)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Behavior Problems, Behavior Rating Scales, Child Rearing, Counseling, Emotional Adjustment, Emotional Disturbances, Exceptional Child Research, Family (Sociological Unit), Individual Characteristics, Individual Development, Individual Psychology, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Counseling, Personality, Personality Development, Personality Studies
New York University Press, 32 Washington Square, New York, New York 10003 ($8.50).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A