ERIC Number: ED025046
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1966
Reference Count: N/A
Automation in Vocational Training of the Mentally Retarded. Final Report.
Platt, Henry; And Others
Various uses of automation in teaching were studied with mentally retarded (IQ 70 to 90) and/or emotionally disturbed (IQ 80 to 90) youth aged 16 to 20. Programed instruction was presented by six audiovisual devices and techniques: the Devereux Model 50 Teaching Aid, the Learn-Ease Teaching Device, the Mast Teaching Machine, the Graflex Audio-Graphic Instructor, the Car Tap Unit, and the A-V-K (Auditory-Visual-Kinesthetic) Unit. Several preliminary field tests were conducted which involved the development of skills in work related areas; another study involved measurement in the kitchen. Later field testing employed units on job responsibilities, tool recognition, telephone use, and home nursing. Data analysis indicated that the automated method was usually more efficient than the conventional and programed lectured methods; the method integrating conventional and automated instruction was most effective; the machine method alone was least effective; autoinstructional aids decreased the amount of time needed to learn; autoinstructional aids produced greater retention; and autoinstructional aids produced group gains, but individual gains varied considerably within each group. (JD)
Descriptors: Audiovisual Instruction, Autoinstructional Aids, Educational Technology, Emotional Disturbances, Exceptional Child Research, Homemaking Skills, Instructional Materials, Job Skills, Learning, Mental Retardation, Mild Mental Retardation, Programed Instruction, Teaching Machines, Teaching Methods, Vocational Education, Vocational Training Centers
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Vocational Rehabilitation Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Devereux Foundation, Devon, PA. Inst. for Research and Training.