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ERIC Number: ED025023
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Sep
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Educational Decision Making and the Distribution of Influence in Cities.
Crain, Robert L.
A study determined the extent of influence members of a city's business elite have on civil rights policy of the city's school system. The National Opinion Research Center interviewed the school superintendent, school board members, civil rights leaders, other political leaders, and members of the business elite in eight large cities. The study found that decisions on civil rights policy made by school board members were not directly influenced by outside civic or political elites but were based on the board members' personal attitudes. However, school board composition was found to be determined by the overall influence of the cities' civic elites and the strength of political parties. Civic elites are described not as hierarchical power structure but as a diffuse "class" having a common set of values. Although conflict between civic elites and political parties exists in each of the cities, civic elites have more influence over the selection of board members in those cities having strong political parties. The most important reason for this paradox is that a strong party serves as a barrier to prevent the leadership from being heavily influenced by public opinion. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at American Political Science Association Meetings (New York, New York, September, 1966).