ERIC Number: ED024949
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Sep-1
Reference Count: 0
Association and Phrase Structure in Sentence Recall.
The effect of within- and between-phrase normative controlled association and phrase structure upon word integration in sentence recall was studied in two experiments. The two experiments differed only with respect to the type of two-phrase sentence used. In both experiments, one group of subjects was given four study-test trials on a list of four sentences containing associatively related words, while another group received a list containing associatively unrelated words. On the assumption that an integrated unit is one in which adjacent words are recalled together, the probability of a word-to-word transitional error (TE) was used as a measure of the tendency to integrate the words within the sentences into larger units. In both experiments, the results suggested that the words in low association (LA) sentences are recoded into phrase units, but that the words in high association (HA) sentences are recoded into units that transcend the phrase boundary. The results indicated further that the probability of a TE at the phrase boundary strength across the phrase boundary increases. In addition, the probability of a TE within phrases was higher for LA sentences in Experiment II than for HA sentences. However, in Experiment I, association did not influence TE probability within phrases. (Author/DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Research on Language and Language Behavior.
Note: Report included in Studies in Language and Language Behavior, Progress Report No. VII.