ERIC Number: ED024923
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Experiments on Competence and Performance.
Ladefoged, Peter; Fromkin, V.A.
IEEE Transactions on Audio and Electroacoustics, vAU-16 n1 Mar 1968
The paper discusses some important distinctions between linguistic competence and linguistic performance. It is the authors' contention that the distinction between the two must be maintained in experimental linguistics, or else inadequate models result. Three experiments are described. In the first, subjects pronounce nonsense words and the results are predictable from a model of their competence. The second is a test of auditory perception of temporal intervals in speech which shows that responses are influenced both by the subject's competence (stored grammatical information) and his performance (immediate perception in the particular circumstances). The third experiment tests aspects of vocal organ control independent of the language spoken. This is concerned entirely with performance. The suggestion is made that viewing a Competence Model as static and a Performance Model as dynamic would be a promising point of departure for research on the temporal constraints imposed by the neural and muscular systems. (KL)
Descriptors: Articulation (Speech), Auditory Perception, English, Linguistic Competence, Linguistic Performance, Models, Phonetics, Psycholinguistics, Speech, Testing, Vowels
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., 345 E. 45th St. New York, N.Y. 10017.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC.; National Institutes of Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Dept. of Linguistics.
Note: Reprint of paper presented at the 1967 Conference on Speech Communication and Processing, Cambridge, Mass.