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ERIC Number: ED024701
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Achieving Racial Balance--The White Plains Story, A Comprehensive Report.
Johnson, Carroll F.
School Management, v12 n1 Jan 1968
The school superintendent describes the process of integration in the White Plains, New York, schools and reports on some findings of a before and after study of achievement. The racial balance plan, achieved by busing inner city Negro children to formerly all-white schools, has not had an adverse effect on the academic achievement of white students, nor has it led to a white middle class exodus. The Negro students "tend" to achieve at a higher level. Most parents and teachers are willing to support the racial balance plan and teachers are learning to work out the problems involved in heterogeneous classrooms. School integration was helped by a generally favorable social climate, and especially by the active, positive, stand of the school board and the female opinion and status leaders in the city. Community acceptance was also gained by the positions of the PTA, the newspaper, the city officials, and consultants. During the summer of 1964, school personnel were prepared for the advent of integration in September. It is felt that the Board erred by failing to actively involve the faculty in the preparation of plans to implement the resolution on racial balance. (See also ED 018 486). (NH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Blacks, Board of Education Policy, Board of Education Role, Bus Transportation, Community Attitudes, Community Leaders, Desegregation Methods, Integration Readiness, Parent Attitudes, Racially Balanced Schools, School Desegregation, Superintendents, Teacher Attitudes
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York