ERIC Number: ED024438
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1966-Apr
An Articulation Study of 15,255 Seattle First Grade Children With and Without Kindergarten.
Pendergast, Kathleen; And Others
Exceptional Children, p541-47 Apr 1966
In order to investigate the effect of kindergarten upon articulation of first grade children, 15,255 first grade children were tested for articulation problems. One-half were tested in 1960 because Seattle had had no kindergarten program in 1959. The other half were tested in 1961 because Seattle reinstituted a kindergarten program in 1960. Consistency of articulation patterns was assumed to exist for the 2-year period. All children were first tested with a screening sentence. If they demonstrated any misarticulated sounds, they were given the complete Bryngelson-Glaspey Test. Testing was done in September and May of both years. The results of this testing showed that (1) slightly more than 1/4 of the first grade children misarticulated one or more sounds, (2) children who attended kindergarten did not appear to have fewer sound errors when they entered the first grade than children who did not attend kindergarten, and (3) of the 2/3 of the children with some articulation problem who were not enrolled in speech therapy, kindergarten experience appeared to help reduce sound errors in the first grade. This study was compared with the Roe-Milisen and Templin studies. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Seattle Public Schools, WA.