ERIC Number: ED024413
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
The MARC II Format: A Communications Format for Bibliographic Data.
Avram, Henriette D.; And Others
Utilizing both the experience gained from the Machine-Readable Cataloging (MARC) Pilot Project, which tested the feasibility of distributing Library of Congress cataloging in machine readable form to various users, and the results of extensive consultation with the library community and persons at the Library of Congress, a format for communication of bibliographic data, MARC II, has been devised. It is designed to have sufficient flexibility to serve as the standardized communications format for a wide variety of bibliographic data. The basic format has the following parts: (1) a leader which identifies and describes the record, its length and its effect on the file, (2) a directory which is essentially an index to the location of the variable fields within the record, (3) a control number which is the unique number assigned to the record, (4) variable fixed fields, which are the fixed fields which would appear in a given type of record, but which vary in number and length among the different types of records, and (5) variable fields which may not be present in all records of a given types. The use of the format is shown in the cataloging of monographs, demonstrating how each of the elements on a catalog card would be transcribed into MARC II format. Also included in this report is "The MARC II Format, Supplement One", including additional changes designed to make the format more flexible and to simplify the structure. (CM)
Descriptors: Automation, Cataloging, Computers, Data Analysis, Information Processing, Information Storage, Libraries, Library Cooperation, Magnetic Tapes, Standards
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (GPO LC 1.2:M18, $1.50)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Information Systems Office.