ERIC Number: ED024199
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968-Jul-4
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Stutterers' Self-Monitoring on Retention of Fluency Generated by Delayed Auditory Feedback. Final Report.
Webster, Ronald L.
Several experiments that manipulate stuttering by the use of delayed auditory feedback (DAF) and the prolongation of speech are reported. In a study on six severe stutterers (aged 15 to 47), self monitoring as a source of reinforcement in the use of DAF reduced stuttering frequency. Stuttering frequency was investigated with six severe stutterers (aged 14 to 28) as a function of five different intervals of DAF. Results indicated that the continuous presentation of DAF significantly improved fluency (p<.02), that there was little difference between the various levels of DAF, and that there was no lasting effect. A method for shaping fluent speech in stutterers was developed that modified the Goldiamond (1965) method by using the DAF without his special contingent relationships, that used no monitoring of reading rate, and added rate discrimination training to the fluency shaping program. Eight severe stutterers (aged 15 to 47) spent a total of 10 to 40 hours in the program, advanced at their own rate, and had blocking levels of zero by the time they reached the conversation part of the program; the effect had lasted 6 months as the time of this report. An auditory interference theory and a reexamination of the Sutton and Chase report are presented. (Author/SN)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Hollins Coll., VA.