ERIC Number: ED024197
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Speech and Language Therapy Under an Automated Stimulus Control System.
Garrett, Edgar Ray
Programed instruction for speech and language therapy, based upon stimulus control programing and presented by a completely automated teaching machine, was evaluated with 32 mentally retarded children, 20 children with language disorders (childhood aphasia), six adult aphasics, and 60 normal elementary school children. Posttesting with the Templin-Darley Articulation Test showed that the Automated Stimulus Control System (ASCS) machine treatment produced non-significant results with mental retardates receiving pure tone plus M&M candy reinforcement, and significantly improved discrimination and articulation with those receiving pure tone only reinforcement (p<.05). ASCS machine treatment produced significant changes with child aphasics (p<.01). Following treatment, these subjects also showed improvement on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, the Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, and on word list performance. Both ASCS machine treatment and ASCS clinician-presented treatment produced significantly improved articulation with normal elementary school children (p<.001). Adult aphasics showed no significant change, nor did retardates receiving traditional therapy. Results indicated that significant changes in functional articulation programs occurred in 20% of the time usually required by traditional therapies. (Author/SN)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces.