ERIC Number: ED024181
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of Group Versus Individual Production of Non-Verbal Artistic Creativity. Final Report.
Zambito, Stephen Charles
Two tests, one with six cursive shapes and the other with six colored angular shapes to be arranged artistically, were examined to determine whether the degree of non-verbal artistic aspects of creativity is greater in products of individuals or in products of groups. Each test was give both individually and in small groups to 499 students (grades 1 to 12). Three judges independently evaluated the arrangements on a 9-point scale for aesthetic organization, redefinition, originality of elaboration, and fluency of ideas. Mean correlations of the four criteria for each of the judges ranged from .82 to .86 for the first test and .76 to .83 for the second. The composite scores of all subjects, in comparing individual with group productivity, had t-ratios significantly in favor of the group (p<.02). Differences between individuals and groups were significant for grades 1 and 2 for the first test (p=.01); were not significant for grades 3 to 7 for both tests; and were significant for the first test in grades 8 to 12 in favor of group creativity (p<.001). Females were more creative than males for all grades combined (p<.05) with cultural differences suggested. No significant differences were found between art and non-art students, between high and low general verbal ability groups, or between occupational groupings (by head of household). The tests are appended. (SN)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Eastern Michigan Univ., Ypsilanti. Coll. of Education.