ERIC Number: ED023941
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1967-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Participation Training on Adult Literacy Education in a Mental Hospital.
Drane, Richard Stephen
This study was made to determine whether or not participation training followed by literacy education would be more effective than literacy education alone. Subjects were 30 patients at Central State Hospital, Indianapolis, institutionalized for over a month, 15-65 years old, with an I.Q. of above 70, a reading level below the 6th grade, and a probability of staying in the hospital for the 14-week study. The Nelson Reading test was administered 4 times. In comparing group mean scores on improvement at 6 weeks, 10 weeks and 4 weeks after the study, no differences were found at the .05 level of significance using Fisher's "t" test. However, there was a slight improvement in the training group over the literacy group for the 3 tests. When participation training replaced literacy instruction for 4 weeks there was at least as much improvement. The relationship of participation training to good mental health practices would justify continued research in these areas, where the relationships formed in and through learning experiences can implement learning. Recommendations for future research include adjusting time allotments, changes in setting and tests, and the use of a control group. (author/aj)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Doctoral Dissertations, Evaluation, Institutionalized Persons, Intelligence, Literacy Education, Mental Retardation, Participation, Pretests Posttests, Psychiatric Hospitals, Reading Level, Reading Tests, Research, Sensitivity Training
University Microfilms, 300 Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 67-15,084, MF $3.00, Xerography $6.00).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington.