ERIC Number: ED023813
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Reference Count: 0
Movement of Labor between Farm and Nonfarm Jobs. Research Bulletin 13.
Perkins, Brian; Hathaway, Dale E.
Drawing upon information provided by a continuous sample of social security records for the 1955-59 period, this study traced year-by-year employment experience of workers who left agriculture, and described their age, race, income, and job status. Estimates of backflow to farms were also studied. The gross out-movement from farm employment was 14.2 percent, but the net reduction in farm employment was only 3.5 percent because of a large back-movement into farming. The net reduction was associated with the level of unemployment in the nonfarm economy. Off-farm mobility was higher for younger persons, multiple job holders, and those who had previous nonfarm work experience. Off-farm mobility was not related to previous income or race, and persons with the same characteristics had about the same mobility in different areas of the country. Back-movement was related to income gains or losses experienced in nonfarm employment. The 1957-58 recession retarded out-movement from farm employment, with the greatest impact on younger persons. (JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Agricultural Experiment Station.