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ERIC Number: ED023774
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Sep
Pages: 5
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Teacher As Pygmalion: Comments on the Psychology of Expectation.
Gumpert, Peter; Gumpert, Carol
The Urban Review, v3 n1 p21-25 Sep 1968
Although this review of "Pygmalion in the Classroom," an experimental study of the effect of positive teacher expectations on the intellectual development of their disadvantaged students, generally affirms the findings of the experiment, it points out that (1) since the average improvement of the experimental elementary school children was strongly associated with the improvement of the control children in the same classroom, the unit of analysis should have been the average intellectual gain of the children in the classroom as a whole rather than the gain of the individual child, and (2) in presenting their findings the experimenters suggested only the probable stability of their results but did not account for the apparent magnitude of their variables in the total context of their research. The review also speculates about how the teachers fulfilled the prophecy that positive expectations would increase student intellectual gains, particularly how they may have interpreted ambiguous events to confirm their positive attitudes and how increases in their interpersonal warmth may have lead to superior student performance. (EF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A