ERIC Number: ED023729
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Responsibility of Schools in the Provision of Equal Educational Opportunity. Invited Paper.
Coleman, James S.
Equal education has traditionally meant free education offering a common curriculum to all children attenting a school in a given locality. However, since the 1954 Supreme Court decision and the Equality of Educational Opportunity survey, implicit assumptions have been challenged by a new concept: equality of opportunity is dependent upon the effects of schooling. At present, educational equality is determined more by the ability of resource inputs to bring about achievement than by the equality of the inputs themselves. This concept implies that the responsibility for achievement rests with the school, not the child. The school might implement this responsibility, particularly for assuring that lower class children learn reading and arithmetic, by contractual arrangements with entrepreneurs outside the school system. This innovation should involve released time plans, private contractors who are paid by results, and free choice for the consumer (parents). Guarantees of racial and social class integration would be built into the contracts. Social integration in large urban school systems can be encouraged by contractual arrangements for interschool activities and programs. (NH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Improvement, Educational Innovation, Educational Objectives, Educational Opportunities, Educational Responsibility, Equal Education, Extracurricular Activities, Lower Class Students, Private Agencies, Public Education, Released Time, School Responsibility, Urban Schools
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for the Study of Social Organization of Schools.
Note: Paper presented at NASSP Conference (Atlantic City, N.J., February 12, 1968).