ERIC Number: ED023229
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Oct-14
Reference Count: 0
Training for Increasing Braille Reading Rates. Final Report.
Kederis, Cleves J.; And Others
Two studies used controlled exposure devices in attempts to improve braille reading. The three null hypotheses tested were that reading practice under controlled exposure does not increase reading rates, any increase will not be maintained, and no differences in comprehension occur because of practice. Subjects were selected by the Gates Basic Reading Test and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The first group of three subjects in grades 6 to 12 was divided into fast, average, and slow readers at each of three grade levels, while the second study chose the 16 highest and 16 lowest scorers. The first study trained the experimental subjects in 22 half-hour sessions on consecutive days with the tachistotactometer, and reading test forms were administered one month prior to training, immediately following training, and 1 to 2 months after training. In the second study, experimental subjects practiced paced reading (with attempted increases of two and one-half words per minute each day) for 20 half-hour sessions on consecutive days, using two books with vocabulary grade levels 5 to 9 and 7 to adult on the IBM Braille Reading Machine. The null hypotheses were confirmed in both studies. Significant reduction in reading time occurred on the motivated tests in both students (p<.001 and p<.01 respectively) in all the experimental and control groups. (DF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Vocational Rehabilitation Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: American Printing House for the Blind, Louisville, KY.