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ERIC Number: ED023082
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968-Mar
Pages: 4
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Stratificational Grammar.
Algeo, John
South Atlantic Bulletin, v33 n2 Mar 1968
According to the author, most grammarians have been writing stratificational grammars without knowing it because they have dealt with units that are related to one another, but not simply as a whole to its parts, or as a class to its members. The question, then, is not whether a grammar is stratified but whether it is explicitly stratified. This paper discusses the model o f language that is being developed by Sydney Lamb and H. A. Gleason, Jr. It is explicitly stratified and recognizes six strata (hypersememic, sememic, lexemic, morphemic, phonemic, and hypophonemic) grouped into three major structural components of two strata each: semology, grammar, and phonology respectively. Collectively, the strata are a system or code for relating communicative content at the "top" to vocal expression at the "bottom." Each stratum consists of an inventory of its characteristic units or "emes," and a set of tactic rules that specify how the emes combine with one another on that stratum. Finally, strata are connected to one another by realization rules, which describe how the emes of one stratum are linked to those of another. Any text, for example a sentence, exists on all the strata simultaneously. On each stratum the text will be a structure of emes ordered by the appropriate tactic rules, but on each stratum it will differ in structure. In effect, the strata furnish alternate ways o f looking at texts of a language. (DO)
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