ERIC Number: ED023080
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1965-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
A Glimpse of the Chinese Language: Peking's Language Reforms and the Teaching of Chinese in the United States.
This paper is intended to provide "an informative general survey" for those persons interested in Chinese, a language used by 25 percent of the world's population. One of the earliest languages in recorded form, written Chinese has both classical and modern forms. Language reforms in Peking, designed to standardize and simplify spoken and written Chinese, consist of three aspects--(1) simplification of the characters, (2) use of Mandarin Chinese as the popular language, and (3) adoption of a phonetic alphabet to romanize the characters. A history of the written language and a comparison of the three major systems of romanization are presented in this paper. The teaching of Chinese in the United States and opportunities for study are also discussed. Appendixes include a comparative key to the romanization systems, a table of simplified characters, an index to Chinese phonetics, a list of Chinese radicals, and a list of the Old National Phonetic Symbols. (AMM)
Descriptors: Asian History, Chinese, Language Role, Language Standardization, Mandarin Chinese, Phonetic Analysis, Phonetic Transcription, Romanization, Writing (Composition), Written Language
Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific & Technical Information, Sringfield, Va. 22151 (AD 612 722,MF $.65, HC $3.00).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.