ERIC Number: ED023048
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Reference Count: 0
Some Effects of a Skill Learned in Youth on Relearning in Later Maturity and Old Age.
Kiss, Rosalia Ann
A study was made of the relative merits of recall and learning in providing older persons with a choice of activity. Data were collected on the knitting performance of 73 subjects. A form of pretest-posttest experimental design with nine subgroups was used. Subjects were grouped by age (45-65 versus 65 and over) experience with knitting (no experience, five to 15 years without practice, and 20 or more years without practice) and health (allegedly healthy subjects and those under treatment for chronic mental or physical disabilities). Tests were selected to measure finger dexterity, attitudes toward self, and attitudes toward learning. The evidence suggested five broad conclusions: (1) repetitious manual skills learned in youth may be reactivated in later maturity and old age with relatively little instruction; (2) age may affect motor skill learning ability but have little effect on retention; (3) differences in length of interval without practice have little effect on long-term retention of motor skills by older persons; (4) attitudes toward learning and self bear little relationship to motor skill learning or relearning in older persons; and (5) other things being equal, chronic disability does not depress the learning or relearning ability of older persons. (author/ly)
Descriptors: Adult Learning, Age Differences, Analysis of Variance, Disabilities, Doctoral Dissertations, Educational Attitudes, Females, Middle Aged Adults, Older Adults, Patients, Physical Health, Psychomotor Skills, Research, Retention (Psychology), Self Concept, Time Factors (Learning)
University Microfilms, 300 Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 66-14,542, MF $3.00, Xerography $9.45).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor.
Note: Ph. D. Thesis.