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ERIC Number: ED022816
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Jan
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Some Motivational Determinants of Racial Differences in Intellectual Achievement.
Katz, Irwin
International Journal of Psychology, v2 n1 p1-12 1967
This report discusses several motivational concepts and their relevance to racial differences in intellectual achievement in the United States. One theoretical model of achievement motivation suggests that for Negroes in predominantly white intellectual-academic situations, the value of success is high while the expectancy of success is low, because white achievement standards are higher than Negro standards. Other research indicates that low performance of Negro pupils is associated with inadequate reinforcement histories both at home and in the classroom. Early deprivation of approval seems to establish self-perpetuating patterns of overdependence upon the social environment for achievement rewards and the setting of achievement standards. These motivational factors may illuminate available data on the achievement of Negro pupils in racially segregated, desegregated, and integrated public schools. (DK)
Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific & Technical Information, Springfield, Va. 22151 (AD 656 723, MF $.60, HC.$3.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A