ERIC Number: ED022776
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Longitudinal Study through the Fourth Grade of Language Skills of Children with Varying Speech Sound Articulation in Kindergarten. Final Report.
Templin, Mildred C.
This longitudinal study attempts to (1) describe the development of articulation of consonant phonemes through the 4th grade, and (2) explore the relation between articulation and non-articulation variables. Between the spring before kindergarten entrance and the 4th grade, 436 subjects were tested 11 times at 6-month intervals. On the basis of kindergarten measures, boys and girls were selected: One shift sample with scores on imitation and picture articulation tests differing substantially; 5 percentile samples with articulation scores clustered around the 7th, 15th, 30th, 50th, and 98th percentiles on total distributions; and 3 phoneme samples, each with one phoneme as the primary mis-articulation. Articulation was assessed at each session. At selected sessions, tests were administered in the speech, reading, spelling, language, auditory stimuli, visual stimuli, personality, intelligence, and motor areas. Articulation scores of the percentile samples maintained the same relative positions through the study. Adequate articulation was attained by the 98th percentile samples before kindergarten, and had not been attained by the 7th percentile samples in 4th grade. Among the percentile samples, mean non-articulation scores were lowest for the 7th and highest for the 98th percentiles. No pattern of non-articulation scores was identified for the phoneme samples. (Author)
Descriptors: Articulation (Speech), Consonants, Delayed Speech, Elementary School Students, Language Acquisition, Language Research, Language Skills, Longitudinal Studies, Phonemes, Primary Education, Speech, Speech Evaluation, Speech Handicaps, Speech Improvement, Speech Skills, Speech Tests, Speech Therapy
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Inst. of Child Development .