ERIC Number: ED022758
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-May
Reference Count: 0
Development of a Standardized Telephone Interview for the Measurement of Language Changes in Young Children.
New York Univ., NY. Inst. for Developmental Studies.
Telephone interviews designed to elicit open-ended responses from disadvantaged kindergarten children were taped, analyzed, and scored to test the reliability of this interview technique in obtaining representative speech samples. To determine the effect of familiarity with telephones, one group of 12 children was provided with telephones in the classroom immediately following an initial interview; another group of 13 was given telephones following a second interview 3 months later; and a third group of eight children was interviewed once but given no additional exposure to the telephone. Finally, all three groups were interviewed at the end of an 8-month period. Results indicated that the telephone interview is a reliable technique for recording representative speech samples from young children and has application to longitudinal studies in which changes in verbal behavior can be analyzed in terms of vocabulary level, language structure, and articulation. No significant differences were found in a comparison of the three groups, suggesting that exposure to telephones in the classroom did not strongly influence the child's performance in the telephone interview. That this "exposure" to the telephone was essentially unstructured and that the children in the study were similar to each other should be considered. (DL)
Descriptors: Articulation (Speech), Disadvantaged Youth, English Instruction, Interviews, Kindergarten Children, Language, Language Acquisition, Language Skills, Longitudinal Studies, Measurement Techniques, Speech Communication, Speech Evaluation, Syntax, Tape Recorders, Telephone Communications Systems, Vocabulary Development
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: New York Univ., NY. Inst. for Developmental Studies.