ERIC Number: ED022561
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: N/A
Head Start Evaluation and Research Center, Boston University. Report C-I, Perception of Emotion Among Children: Race and Sex Differences.
Gitter, A. George
Perception of emotion is one example of nonverbal communication and is the subject of this study of the accuracy of perception of various emotions. Seven emotions were chosen for this investigation. Each emotion was acted out by actors, whose performance was filmed. From the films, stills were selected which best represented the emotion being expressed. The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of race and sex on perception of emotion. Therefore, both expressors and perceivers were divided between Negro and white, male and female. Although the test was designed for children, the perceivers for this study were 80 undergraduate students. Each subject viewed 21 photographs of three expressors and chose from a list the emotion he thought the expressor was demonstrating. The results indicated that (1) overall accuracy of perception of emotions was not influenced by sex or race of the perciever or sex of the expressor; (2) race of expressor did affect the accuracy of perception of emotion, white expressors leading to greater accuracy of perception; and (3) some patterns of erroneously perceived emotions were related to sex of expressor and race of perceiver. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Boston Univ., MA.