ERIC Number: ED022419
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Study of Certain Personality Correlates of Occupational Aspirations of Negro and White College Students. Final Report.
Littig, Lawrence W.
The Negro male college student's social class, achievement motivations, affiliation motivations (the desire for approval of others), and power motivations (the desire to control the behavior of others) all affect to some degree his choice of a traditionally open occupation (physician, lawyer, dentist, minister, social worker, teacher) or an occupation traditionally closed to Negroes (nuclear physicist, psychologist, airline pilot, engineer). To test the relationship of each of these factors to occupational goals, questionnaires were filled out in which the student estimated the job he expected to have 5 years after completing his education (his "real" aspiration), and the job he would most like to have (his "ideal" aspiration). Motivation was measured by analysis of a projective test. The subjects were 140 Negro male college students from 3 colleges, 2 of which were designated working class and 1 of which was deemed middle class. College social class was based on the predominance of students from middle class or working class family backgrounds. A white middle class control sample of 70 students was used. It was found that social class, strong achievement and power motivations dispose Negroes at working class colleges to seek jobs in traditionally closed fields, whereas middle class students tended to aspire to traditionally open occupations .
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Howard Univ., Washington, DC.