ERIC Number: ED022363
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
An Application of Guilford's Structure of Intellect to Programmed Instruction. Final Report.
Baker, Robert L.
Single-score measures of intelligence are inadequate to predict performance on a programed instruction format. Guilford's model of the intellect accounts for three dimensions relevant to learner abilities. The content dimension refers to the kind of material involved, the product dimension to the kind of output required, and the process dimension to the operation involved in learning. Four studies were conducted to investigate the usefulness of Guilford's model in predicting types of stimulus-materials most consistent with learner characteristics. Eighth graders worked with two versions of a self-instructional program for teaching logic. A total of 160 subjects were randomly assigned to a semantic or a symbolic version. A regression analysis was carried out to determine the relationship between achievement in each program variation and intellectual abilities as assessed by Guilford's measures. Based on regression results, 180 eighth graders were assigned to the program versions according to predicted success. There was no evidence that the stimulus-content dimension is critical from an instructional point of view. Efforts at determining the instructional utility of Guilford's model would be better aimed at analyses in terms of the products demanded and the operations involved. (LS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Arizona State Univ., Tempe. Dept. of Educational Psychology.