ERIC Number: ED022276
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: 0
Children of Deprivation, Changing the Course of Familial Retardation.
Kugel, Robert B.; Parsons, Mabel H.
The growth of preschool familial retarded children was recorded, and attempts were made to alter the course of their development. Of lower socioeconomic class, the 16 subjects aged from 3 to 6, had IQ scores from 50 to 84 and no neurological deficits. One or both of their parents and at least one sibling were mentally subnormal. The subjects and 21 of their 93 siblings attended an experimental nursery school for 1 to 3 years. Intervention consisted of medical and dental care, psychological evaluation, training of mothers in nutrition and food preparation, and structured social interaction among mothers. Medical diagnoses revealed that children were retarded partly because of mild encephalopathy, partly because of psychosocial factors, and frequently both. Over the course of the project, the growth rate of the children (who were 81% below average in weight and 84% below in height) ranged from 0 to 24.4% partly due to increased nutritional intake. Although 32 of the children attending the school gained some in IQ, the group with normal electroencephalographs gained the most. Group meetings gave the mothers a feeling of belonging and were more successful than sewing classes. (JZ)
Descriptors: Child Development, Environmental Influences, Exceptional Child Research, Family Environment, Family Health, Family Life Education, Family (Sociological Unit), Medical Services, Mental Retardation, Mild Mental Retardation, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Social Mobility
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 ($0.35).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Children's Bureau (DHEW), Washington, DC.