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ERIC Number: ED022192
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Jan
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Cognitive Processes and Stimulus-Response Mappings. Final Report.
Weber, Robert J.
The primary objective of the proposed research was to investigate the effects on learning of various stimulus-response (S-R) mapping schemes. It was hypothesized that S-R connections are not simply arbitrary, that the way stimulus and response classes are mapped together may have a profound effect on learning rate. To study this problem, two paradigms based on discrimination learning procedures were constructed. The first paradigm made possible qualitative variations in mapping via the study of one-one, many-one, and one-many S-R connections, while holding constant across conditions the number of requir"d association. Selected possible outcomes were theoretically related to type of mapping variation and the development of cognitive processes with age. The paradigm used in the second study made possible the quantitative variation of S-R mapping on an order-disorder dimension. The results indicated that one degree of mapping disorder (one exception) produced about the same number of errors as a completely irregular mapping. The difference between one degree of mapping disorder and zero degrees of mapping disorder was extremely large. The task was trivial when there were no exceptions and it became quite difficult. with only one exception. A theory based on hypothesis sampling and generation was put forth to explain the observed results. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater. Research Foundation.