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ERIC Number: ED022090
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Critical Appraisal of the Needs of Adults for Educational Experiences as a Basis for Program Development.
Knox, Alan B.
Concepts of felt need, educational experience, program development, and program evaluation are variables significant to the appraisal of adult educational needs. Although the existence of a social problem often indicates that educational needs exist, individual needs are more useful than social problems as a basis for program development. Experts and potential participants are both important in the appraisal process. The focus of this essay suggests the usefulness of distinguishing between ways of meeting needs, and indicates that situational adjustments, along with learning, educative, and educational adaptations, might be appropriate on various occasions. The importance of autonomy and application as distinguishing characteristics of adult learners must also be stressed, together with the use of methodological rigor and judgmental balance, and the selection of needs to which a given agency or program elects to respond. The following activities might aid in need appraisal--delimiting the scope, describing potential participants, setting forth criteria of success, selecting most pertinent needs, relating needs to program design, and predicting widespread or emerging needs. (The document includes 36 references.) (ly)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A