ERIC Number: ED022067
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: 0
Patterns of College Attendance. Final Report.
Trent, James W.; Medsker, Leland L.
To construct a predictive model, it was necessary to determine which background and personality variables were positively related to certain patterns of college attendance. The investigation was based on 10,000 high school seniors in 16 closely matched communities in the Midwest, Pennsylvania and California. Graduating seniors were asked in spring 1959 to respond to Thorndike's 20-item CAVD verbal intelligence test, 5 attitudinal scales from the Omnibus Personality Inventory and a student questionnaire devised by the research staff. Class ranks were noted and all academic aptitude scores converted to equivalent School and College Ability Test scores. Over the next 4 years, educational, vocational and marital data were obtained and over 500 subjects were interviewed in 1962 and 63. In spring 1963, the sample completed a lengthly questionnaire and personality inventory. Students were categorized primarily according to college attendance patterns. It was found that a direct relationship existed between academic success and socioeconomic status, parental values and interaction with parents, expectations of college and development of intellectual and especially autonomous attitudes and modes of thinking. The data all indicate that success in college depends on factors beyond ability, such as the values and related goals ascribed to college. By anticipating patterns of attendance more precisely, problems can be identified and dealt with earlier and more adequately by counselors and teachers. Such procedures would eventually modify attendance patterns. (JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley. Center for Research and Development in Higher Education.