ERIC Number: ED021869
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Teaching Geography in Grades One through Three: Effects of Instruction in the Core Concept of Geographic Theory. Final Report.
Crabtree, Charlotte A.
This project investigated whether children in grades 1-3 can learn the central conceptual system of geographic theory and can apply it appropriately in analysing the data of unfamiliar geographic regions. Two experimental curriculums were designed and introduced into 12 intact primary classrooms, matched for grade level and randomly assigned to one of the curriculums. Curriculum "A" gave instruction in the central organizing concept of the discipline, developed through practice in the analytic processes directing geographic inquiry. Curriculum "B" gave instruction in the major geographic generalizations, inductively developed from illustrative instances presented to children. Criterion instruments were designed to measure children's achievement in geography at three cognitive levels. The difference between the programs in knowledge acquired was statistically significant in grade 2 only. In both grades 2 and 3, children's mean achievement in comprehension of the concept and in ability to apply the concept in unfamiliar regional analyses was significantly higher under Curriculum "A." No statistically significant between-programs difference was obtained in grade 1. (Author/DL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles.