ERIC Number: ED021711
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: N/A
An Experiment in the Teaching of Biology to Slow Learners in High School.
Kellough, Richard Dean
This study compared the perceptual field approach learning theory with conventional theories based on reinforcement and conditioning. The aim was to achieve significant improvement in the self-adjustment of slow learners while not inhibiting their learning of biology. The California Test of Personality and the Nelson Biology Test were given as pre- and post-tests of the two classes of students. The control class with learning based on reinforcement and conditioning was teacher-centric and subject-oriented. The experimental class, with learning based on the perceptual field theory, was student-centric and perception-oriented. Special techniques were used in this class to increase an individual's sense of belonging and personal work. There was no significant difference at the .05 level between means of the experimental and control classes in either learning of biology or in self and social adjustment. The data indicated that the perceptual field approach did produce improvement in self-adjustment categories and conventional methods produced improvement in social adjustment. There was no significant difference in the amount of biology learned by either class. (GR)
Descriptors: Attitudes, Biology, Doctoral Dissertations, Instruction, Learning, Perception, Secondary School Science, Self Concept, Sex Differences, Slow Learners, Student Interests, Teaching Methods
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103 (Order No. 67-12,049, MF $3.00, Xerography $7.80).
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