ERIC Number: ED021699
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: N/A
Word Associations and the Recognition of Flashed Words. Final Report.
Samuels, S. Jay
Two separate studies were designed to investigate the effect of reading the first word of a pair on the speed of recognizing the second. One study drew its subjects from the college level; the other from the fourth grade. A Scientific Prototype Three-Channel Tachistoscope was used, and an erasing image was flashed immediately following the presentation of target words to avoid possible after-image effects. Ten word pairs were used. Associative value was measured by the Palermo Jenkins word association norms. Results indicated that word recognition speed was facilitated when associative connections between words in the text matched the word associations of the reader. Recognition was retarded when the target word was preceded by a nonassociate. A target word presented without prior knowledge required more recognition cues than one for which the subject had prior knowledge. Differences between adult and child perception were detected in the reporting of a word based on partial information and in the stronger effect of associative words in children. References are included. (WL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis.