ERIC Number: ED021647
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1967-Nov-30
Reference Count: N/A
Head Start Evaluation and Research Center, University of Kansas. Report No. XI, Verbal Recall Research.
Horowitz, Frances Degen; Horowitz, Floyd R.
Approximately 60 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children were administered a language test constructed to determine theirlanguage usage levels and limitations. Half of the children were classified as Head Start and half as middle class. The language test involved the presentation of strings of three to seven phonemes organized on five levels of intelligibility: (1) nonsense words, (2) nonsense words with a verb in the middle of the string, (3) recognizable words in nongrammatical form, (4) simple sentences, and (5) transform sentences; that is, sentences in intelligible form but which necessitate transformation of a word or two to be gramatically correct, which the child was then asked to repeat back to the experimenter. The data from this study has not yet been completely analyzed, but some trends have appeared. The five types of word formations appear to represent a hierarchy, related, in terms of the child's ability to recall them, to age. That is, the older the child, the more complete is his recall of words in higher order word formations. For strings of nonsense words, however, the 5-year-olds did not do any better than the 3- and 4-year-olds. It appears that the language ability of the Head Start child on the experimental task is about one year behind that of the middle class child. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.; Institute for Educational Development, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Kansas Univ., Lawrence. Dept. of Human Development.