ERIC Number: ED021641
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1967-Nov-30
Reference Count: N/A
Head Start Evaluation and Research Center, University of Kansas. Report No. VIIB, Establishment of Nonverbal Color Discrimination Responses to Auditory Color-Labeling Stimuli and Subsequent Effects on Color-Labeling Responses.
Wrobel, Patricia A.; And Others
Seventeen preschool children were administered two color-discrimination pretests, verbal and nonverbal. The five children who scored lowest were chosen to recieve the color program. Four scored elow 85 percent on the nonverbal pretest, whereas the other 12 children scored above 85 percent. On the verbal pretest, all five experimental subjects scored below 80 percent, while the 12 remaining children scored above 80 percent. The color program administered to the five children was designed to teach eight colors. Three teaching procedures using color-stimulus cards were used. Each was nonverbal in character, requiring the child to point to the correct stimulus. The experimenter did present the verbal stimulus incidentally, however, when asking that the subject point to the particular color. Response reinforcement was given throughout the program. Except for one child on the verbal test, all subjects scored 90 percent or more on the nonverbal and verbal posttests. It was concluded that the color program not only taught the children the intended visual-stimulus discriminations, but also nonprogramed verbal-stimulus information. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.; Institute for Educational Development, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Kansas Univ., Lawrence. Dept. of Human Development.