ERIC Number: ED021637
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1967-Nov-30
Reference Count: N/A
Head Start Evaluation and Research Center, University of Kansas. Report No. IV, a Comparison of Four Modes of Eliciting Brief Oral Responses from Children.
Irwin, John V.
A 112-item Multi-Modal Articulation Analysis test was administered to 116 Head Start children ranging in age from 4 years, 6 months to 5 years, 5 months. The test involves presenting to the subject an object, or representation thereof, requiring a one-word response. Four modes of stimulus presentation were used: (1) actual objects, (2) black and white prints, (3) color prints, and (4) color transparencies. The children's responses to the 112 test stimuli were studied in terms of item recognition, response latency, articulatory accuracy, and subject preference for one of the four modes of stimulus presentation. The results showed that (1) item recognition improved with increasing age of the subjects and was not significantly affected by the mode of stimulus presentation, (2) response latency did not appear to be affected either by mode of stimulus presentation or age or sex of subject, (3) articulatory ability tends to increase with age, and (4) the subject preference was highest for the actual objects, lowest for the black and white prints. The data showed no significant differences in subject responding on the basis of sex. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.; Institute for Educational Development, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Kansas Univ., Lawrence. Dept. of Human Development.