ERIC Number: ED021461
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
The Influence of Practice Frames and Verbal Ability on Programed Instruction Performance.
Melching, William H.; Nelson, Frank B.
The effect of special practice frames (which contain no prompts) upon programed instruction was examined by using a program in counterinsurgency. The subjects, 32 Army enlisted personnel, represented two levels of verbal ability. The program was administered to each subject individually by an experimenter who used negative reinforcement. Although total program learning tim increased, practice frames enabled the subjects to proceed through the program at a faster rate per frame and to make fewer program errors. Subjects using the practice frames also scored higher on a recall type of achievement test, but the presence of practice frames did not affect their scores on a multiple choice or short completion test. Although this last result may be attributed to the type of test, it is more likely that it is due to the nature of the practice frames. Subjects of higher verbal ability were able to proceed through the program at a faster rate, make fewer program errors, and exhibit higher scores on all three measures of achievement. (Author/LH)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Learning, Learning Processes, Negative Reinforcement, Programed Instruction, Prompting, Time Factors (Learning), Verbal Ability
Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific & Technical Information, Springfield, Va. (AD-628 444, MF $.65, HC $3.00).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Fort Detrick (Army), Frederick, MD.
Authoring Institution: George Washington Univ., Alexandria, VA. Human Resources Research Office.