ERIC Number: ED021372
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: N/A
Analysis of Teacher-Pupil Verbal Interaction Patterns in Classes for the Mentally Retarded. Studies in Language and Language Behavior, Progress Report Number IV.
Semmel, Melvyn I.; And Others
Flanders' Interaction Analysis, which classifies verbal interaction into 10 categories, was used to compare two groups consisting of seven trainable mentally retarded (TMR) classrooms each. The sample was selected from the extremes of a population of 87 TMR classrooms on the basis of their teachers' high (tending to flexibility and harmony) or low (tending to rigidity and autocracy) scores on the Minnesota Teacher Attitude Inventory (MTAI). Trained observers visited each class for 2 hours and recorded the verbal interaction used more questions (p<.01) and had more student response (p<.05); low MTAI teachers used more lecture and criticism (p<.05) and had more student initiated talk (p<.01). Teacher attitudes and measures of accepting feeling, praise, using ideas, and giving directions were not significant. Results did not yield unqualified support for the hypothesis that teachers' verbal behavior in the classroom can be predicted from MTAI scores because the stratification of teachers by MTAI scores indicated bias in the amount of teaching experience (the high subgroup had fewer years of teaching experience). A histogram compares the data with data from an earlier study using educable mentally retarded and normal subjects. Five tables and l6 references are provided. (AA)
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Communication (Thought Transfer), Exceptional Child Research, Interaction, Interaction Process Analysis, Mental Retardation, Moderate Mental Retardation, Special Classes, Student Behavior, Student Reaction, Student Teacher Relationship, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Behavior, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Research on Language and Language Behavior.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Flanders System of Interaction Analysis; Minnesota Teacher Attitude Inventory